South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country. It covers some of the most arid parts of the continent, with a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi). It is the fourth largest of Australia's six states and two territories containing a fifth of Australia's population.
South Australia shares borders with all of the mainland states and the Northern Territory. It is bordered to the west by Western Australia, to the north by the Northern Territory, to the north-east by Queensland, to the east by New South Wales, to the south-east by Victoria, and to the south by the Great Australian Bight and the Indian Ocean.
The southern part of the state has a Mediterranean climate with its main temperature range being 29 °C (84 °F) in January and 15 °C (59 °F) in July. Daily temperatures in parts of the state in January and February can be up to 48 °C (118 °F).